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Issue 89: Summer Palace
Tickets: 30 yuan/piece (high season), 20 yuan/piece (low season) half price for student tickets
Scenic level: National AAAAA-level tourist attractions
The Summer Palace, an imperial garden during the Qing Dynasty in China, formerly known as Qingyi Garden, is located in the western suburbs of Beijing, 15 kilometers away from the city, covering an area of about 290 hectares (2.9 square kilometers), adjacent to the Old Summer Palace. It is a large-scale landscape garden built based on Kunming Lake and Wanshou Mountain, based on Hangzhou West Lake and absorbing the design techniques of Jiangnan gardens. It is also the most intactly preserved imperial palace and imperial garden, known as the "Royal Garden Museum" .
Before Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty took the throne, four large royal gardens were built in the western suburbs of Beijing. In the fifteenth year of Qianlong (1750), Emperor Qianlong used 4.48 million taels of silver to honor his mother, the Empress Dowager Chongqing, to rebuild it into Qingyi Garden, forming a 20-kilometer royal garden area from the current Qinghua Garden to Xiangshan. In the tenth year of Xianfeng (1860), Qingyi Garden was burned down by the British and French forces. It was rebuilt in the fourteenth year of Guangxu (1888) and renamed the Summer Palace as a summer amusement park. In the twenty-sixth year of Guangxu (1900), the Summer Palace was destroyed by the "Eight-Power Allied Forces" and the treasures were looted. After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the Summer Palace was destroyed again during the warlords' melee and the Kuomintang rule.
On March 4, 1961, the Summer Palace was announced as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. It was also named as China’s Four Famous Gardens along with the Chengde Mountain Resort, Humble Administrator’s Garden, and Lingering Garden. It was listed in November 1998. "World Heritage List". On May 8, 2007, the Summer Palace was officially approved by the National Tourism Administration as a national 5A-level tourist attraction. In 2009, the Summer Palace was selected as the largest existing royal garden in China by the China World Record Association. To
1961年3月4日，颐和园被宣布为第一批国家重点文物保护单位。它也与承德避暑山庄，拙政园和留园一起被评为中国四大名园。它于1998年11月被列出。“世界遗产名录”。 2007年5月8日，颐和园被国家旅游局正式批准为国家5A级旅游胜地。 2009年，颐和园被中国世界纪录协会选为中国现存最大的皇家花园。至
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